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Press Release – The Future of New Zealand Construction: From Abstract Vision to Concrete Achievements

QOROX heeft goed gebruik gemaakt van hun positie als geautoriseerde reseller van CyBe printers. Ze hebben hun eerste 3D-printer al verkocht aan hun partners van Iconic Construction. De deal voorzag Iconic van een CyBe RC (Robot Crawler), waardoor het bedrijf nu ook kan profiteren van alle voordelen die aan 3D-printen verbonden zijn. Iconic Construction is opgericht in 2009 met het doel om de standaard in de industrie te verhogen door het leveren van vakmanschap met trots. Het bedrijf steunt op integriteit, groei, teamwork en creativiteit, en combineert deze waarden om tot de best mogelijke bouwoplossingen te komen. 3D-printtechnologie past perfect binnen dit principe om gebouwen van de hoogst mogelijke kwaliteit te realiseren. Na een verleden van diverse renovatie- en nieuwbouwprojecten, is Iconic nu klaar voor de volgende stap. Enthousiast als ze zijn, hebben ze al twee projecten klaarliggen om hun tanden in te zetten. Het eerste project is Lowe Road Studio, de eerste 3D-geprinte Airbnb van Nieuw-Zeeland, die aan de rand van Hamilton gebouwd zal worden. In dit autonome, op zonne-energie gedreven gebouw kunnen mensen ervaren hoe het is om in een 3D-geprinte ruimte te slapen. Ze zullen binnenkort ook beginnen aan The Vicarage, een multifunctionele commerciële voorziening die gebouwd wordt op de grond waar vroeger de priester woonde. Dankzij hun nieuw aangeschafte 3D-printer kan het bedrijf deze twee projecten veel sneller voltooien dan ze met traditionele bouwmethoden zouden kunnen, terwijl ze hun standaard van hoge kwaliteit en vakmanschap behouden.

First fully 3D printed home completed in Paremoremo

QOROX’s 3D printed concrete technology has achieved yet another first for New Zealand – the completion of the first fully 3D-printed residential home in the Auckland suburb of Paremoremo.
This also becomes the largest fully 3D printed building in the Southern Hemisphere another groundbreaking achievement for Waikato-based QOROX.
The 252m2 family home was designed for a family of four to complement the site’s natural contours and peaceful setting, and features 3D-printed concrete wall panels which provide the perfect backdrop for modern living.
The mastermind behind the home’s unique design features was multi-award-winning architectural firm, Dorrington Atcheson Architects, who said the use of 3D printed technology provided more flexibility than traditional concrete builds. 
“It’s pretty cost effective, and you can get the geometric proportions and shapes that you would have to spend a lot of money to get if you did it in traditional concrete construction,” said Tim, director of DAA.
Qorox managing director Wafaey Swelim, said the design provided by DAA allowed them to fully utilise the design capabilities of their 3D printer.
“DAA provided an amazing design which enabled us to fully utilise the design capabilities of our 3D concrete printer and produce a strong, secure and warm home for the owners to enjoy for many generations to come. People who visit the home are so impressed by its calmness and warmth.”
To create the ‘printing ink’ for the home, QOROX utilises its own mortar recipe that is 80% locally sourced. The final product was rendered internally and externally, using full Resene Construction Systems hand applied ROCKCOTE exterior and interior plaster and finishing coats, providing a ‘natural look’ to the wall panels and providing the clients with their desired finish.
Swelim said the flexibility of 3D printed concrete allowed homeowners to add their own personal flair to their homes, without an additional price-tag.
Paremoremo house’s 63 panels, with a total area of 360m2, were prefabricated in Hamilton and transported to site for installation by Qorox’s experienced team, with Senior Construction undertaking the rest of the build.
With 30% less emissions than traditional concrete builds, Swelim said achieving the fully 3D-printed home was another tick in the box for the next evolution in building.
“3D printed concrete is the next evolution in building, and it’s happening right now, right here in New Zealand.
“There are so many advantages to 3D printed technology. Our system allows the formation of wall cavities for insulation, plumbing and electrical wiring, and apply patterns and design elements directly, without the need for additional work.”
The QOROX 3D printed wall solution provides excellent thermal mass qualities helping to create more climate resilient homes that are warmer during the winter months, delivering more comfortable living environments.
“The best part is all of these elements this can be completed without compromising the R-Value (thermal rating) or the overall strength of the build.”
Swelim encouraged architects and homeowners interested in 3D printed concrete to head to www.qorox.co.nz to learn more.

Global 3D Printing Construction Market Forecast to 2030

Dublin, Jan. 24, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — The “Global 3D Printing Construction Market by Techniques (Extrusion, Powder Bonding), Material (Composite, Concrete, Metal), End-user – Forecast 2023-2030” report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com’s offering.The 3D Printing Construction Market is projected to reach USD 11,640.99 million by 2030 from USD 629.36 million in 2022, at a CAGR of 44.00% during the forecast period. Market Segmentation & Coverage:This research report analyzes various sub-markets, forecasts revenues, and examines emerging trends in each category to provide a comprehensive outlook on the 3D Printing Construction Market. Based on Techniques, the market is studied across Extrusion and Powder Bonding. The Powder Bonding is projected to witness significant market share during forecast period.Based on Material, the market is studied across Composite, Concrete, and Metal. The Concrete is projected to witness significant market share during forecast period.Based on End-user, the market is studied across Commercial, Industrial, and Residential. The Residential is projected to witness significant market share during forecast period.Based on Region, the market is studied across Americas, Asia-Pacific, and Europe, Middle East & Africa. FPNV Positioning Matrix:The FPNV Positioning Matrix is an indispensable tool for assessing the 3D Printing Construction Market. It comprehensively evaluates vendors, analyzing key metrics related to Business Strategy and Product Satisfaction. This enables users to make informed decisions tailored to their specific needs. Through advanced analysis, vendors are categorized into four distinct quadrants, each representing a different level of success: Forefront (F), Pathfinder (P), Niche (N), or Vital (V). Be assured that this insightful framework empowers decision-makers to navigate the market with confidence.Market Share Analysis:The Market Share Analysis offers invaluable insights into the vendor landscape 3D Printing Construction Market. By evaluating their impact on overall revenue, customer base, and other key metrics, we provide companies with a comprehensive understanding of their performance and the competitive environment they confront. This analysis also uncovers the level of competition in terms of market share acquisition, fragmentation, dominance, and industry consolidation during the study period.The report offers valuable insights on the following aspects: Market Penetration: It provides comprehensive information about key players’ market dynamics and offerings.Market Development: In-depth analysis of emerging markets and penetration across mature market segments, highlighting lucrative opportunities.Market Diversification: Detailed information about new product launches, untapped geographies, recent developments, and investments.Competitive Assessment & Intelligence: Exhaustive assessment of market shares, strategies, products, certifications, regulatory approvals, patent landscape, and manufacturing capabilities of leading players.Product Development & Innovation: Intelligent insights on future technologies, R&D activities, and breakthrough product developments. Companies Mentioned Aectual B.V.Aeditive GmbHApis Cor Inc.BATIPRINT 3DBetabramBlack Buffalo 3D Corporation.ChangeMaker3DCOBOD International A/SConstructions-3DContour Crafting CorporationCyBe ConstructionHyperion Robotics OyICON Technology, Inc.MakerCarl 3DMighty Buildings, Inc.MUDBOTS 3D CONCRETE PRINTING, LLCMX3DRAP Technologies B.V.Sika AGSQ4D LLCTotal KustomWASP S.r.IXtreeEYingchuang Building Technique (Shanghai) Co.Ltd.(Winsun) For more information about this report visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/9oh4o3 About ResearchAndMarkets.comResearchAndMarkets.com is the world’s leading source for international market research reports and market data. We provide you with the latest data on international and regional markets, key industries, the top companies, new products and the latest trends.
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Global 3D Printing Construction Market

Southern Hemisphere’s Largest Fully 3D Printed Building Completed

10/11/2023: New Zealand’s leading 3D concrete printing company, QOROX, has successfully completed the Southern Hemisphere’s largest 3D printed building. Their advanced 3D concrete printing technology enabled them to complete the project more cost-effectively and sustainably. The CEO of QOROX sees 3D concrete printing as the next evolutionary step in the construction industry and intends to further advance this technology by entering the business of selling 3D concrete printers.

Southern Hemisphere’s Largest 3D Printed Building
New Zealand just got a new milestone: the largest 3D concrete printing building in the Southern Hemisphere. The print was carried out by QOROX, a Waikato-based 3D printing company that has been revolutionizing the Kiwi construction industry since 2018. The recently completed ‘Paremoremo House’ is also the first fully 3D-printed residential home in the Auckland suburb it was named after. The home was constructed using 3D printed concrete panels and, with a total area of 252m², will accommodate a family of four. By harnessing the design capabilities of 3D concrete printing, QOROX was able to bring to life a unique design that complements the site’s natural contours and serene setting. This distinctive design was crafted by the multi-award-winning Dorrington Atcheson Architects (DAA). QOROX’s CEO, Wafaey Swelim: “DAA provided an amazing design which enabled us to fully utilize the design capabilities of our 3D concrete printer and produce a strong, secure and warm home for the owners to enjoy for many generations to come. People who visit the home are so impressed by its calmness and warmth.”

Cheaper, More Sustainable, and Disaster-Proof
Besides its flexibility in design, QOROX’s 3D printing technology provided several other advantages for the construction of the Paremoremo House. Firstly, QOROX’s 3D printing technology enabled the construction to be carried out in a more sustainable manner. The home’s 63 panels, totaling an area of 360m², were printed using its own material that is 80% locally sourced. Before being installed on-site by QOROX and Senior Construction, the walls were printed in the prefabrication facility in Hamilton, ensuring optimal print conditions. Combining this with 3D concrete printing’s general environmental advantages, QOROX was able to achieve construction with 30% fewer emissions than traditional concrete builds.

Swelim added that the technology also enabled “the formation of wall cavities for insulation, plumbing and electrical wiring.” By incorporating these typically essential production processes, QOROX was able to save money on these additional production steps. The flexibility of 3D concrete printing also allowed the future owners of the Paremoremo House to add their personal touches without incurring additional costs. “It’s pretty cost effective, and you can get the geometric proportions and shapes that you would have to spend a lot of money to get if you did it in traditional concrete construction,” noted DAA director Tim Dorrington about the technique.

Lastly, the house is equipped perfectly to withstand New Zealand’s natural environment. The 3D printed walls provide excellent thermal mass quality, making it an exceptionally climate-resilient home. This quality allows the Paremoremo home to stay warm during the cold winter months. The house in Auckland was also built in a region prone to both flooding and earthquakes. By ingeniously applying 3D concrete printing, QOROX was able to build the home completely flood-proof, while also meeting the world’s highest standards of earthquake-proofing.

Driving the Next Evolution in Building
Wafaey Swelim believes that 3D printing is the next essential step for the construction industry to evolve. “3D printed concrete is the next evolution in building, and it’s happening right now, right here in New Zealand.” Besides carrying out 3D prints like clockwork, QOROX has recently started advancing the technology even further in New Zealand by entering the business of selling printers. The 3D construction company sources their hardware and software from the Dutch 3D-tech company CyBe Construction. By entering into a reseller agreement earlier this year, QOROX has officially become an authorized reseller of CyBe printers. This way, they can expand the evolution of 3D concrete printing in New Zealand even more effectively. With their recent achievement of the Southern Hemisphere’s largest 3D printed building and their efforts to advance 3DCP by utilizing and selling more CyBe printers, QOROX is ready to drive the next evolution in the New Zealand construction industry.

Luyten 3D to build first owner-occupier home in Melbourne

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Australian 3D construction printing technology company, Luyten 3D, has entered a partnership with the University of New South Wales to design and build one of the world’s most advanced 3D printed owner-occupier homes in Australia. The property will be built in Melbourne over the next few months and it will be used to showcase the benefits of building homes and other structures using 3D printing technology.

Ahmed Mahil.
“We have secured the services of globally recognized research group Arch_Manu at UNSW to provide expertise and technological know-how in developing the design of the house. The design not only demonstrates the versatility and flexibility of 3D printing capability; it also captures the stunning architectural advantages of computational design and architectural manufacturing technology and the ability to create extraordinary spaces for a fraction of the cost,” said Ahmed Mahil, Co-founder and CEO of Luyten 3D. “Our partnership with UNSW will involve working together to document and provide a tangible proof of concept for the advantages of 3D printing, such as superior design and project management. The project will contribute to the formation of new technical standards for this mode of delivery. We intend to use this project and our associated work to lead and inform the development of new building standards in Australia for incorporation into Australia’s National Construction Code.”
The National Construction Code, Australian Standards, and the SEPP are Australia’s primary set of technical design and construction provisions for buildings. Specifically, the National Construction Code, a performance-based code, sets the minimum required level for the safety, health, amenity, accessibility, and sustainability of certain buildings. The Australian Building Codes Board, on behalf of the Australian Government and each State and Territory government, produces and maintains the National Construction Code.
“This will be a lighthouse project for 3D printing in Australia, encompassing state-of-the-art research in design and technology and bringing research findings into practice. It will change Australian housing”, said A/Prof M. Hank Haeusler from the University of New South Wales, the Director of Arch_Manu.

Luyten’s Platypus X12 printer.
Since launching a few short years ago, Luyten 3D has forged a reputation for its innovative technology. Its range of mobile AI-powered 3D printers is used around the world for their ability to deliver fast, premium results. Luyten’s proprietary 3D concrete mix, Ultimatecrete, is also used widely as the mix of choice for many 3D builders.
Luyten’s technology enables builders to transform construction projects that would traditionally take months or years to complete, and instead finish them within a number of days. The 3D concrete printing technology reportedly enables a 60% reduction in construction waste, a 70% reduction in production time, and an 80% reduction in labor costs when compared to hands-on construction projects.
“In addition, the technology is proven to increase construction site efficiency with 60% guaranteed cost savings, 300 to 500 times shorter execution times, and an 80% total reduction in monetary expenses without formwork in concrete construction. The world has never seen capabilities like this before,” said Mahil. “When forming Luyten, we were cognizant of the construction industry’s carbon footprint, and determined to create construction solutions for generations to come that reduce emissions. Our unmatched technology employs up to 40% less carbon dioxide emissions through propriety mixes that reduce use of cement, and the robotic systems reduce construction site and logistics carbon dioxide footprints by 50 to 70%.”

Floating, 3D-printed, skinny and green: Top 10 Houses of 2023

From a svelte residence that stays cool with the breeze, to a cutting-edge 3D-printed housing development, plus a prototype bamboo dwelling designed to handle flooding, our selection of the top 10 houses of 2023 showcases the finest residential design that we’ve seen throughout the year.In this look at the year’s best houses, we attempt to showcase a wide range of residential design, from smaller simple dwellings to larger luxury homes, with some impressive sustainability and clever space-saving ideas.The projects hail from various countries, including the United States, England, Norway, Scotland, Australia, and Vietnam.In no particular order, read on below for our selection of the top 10 houses of 2023 and be sure to hit the gallery for a closer look at each.Chic Vid House – STD Design Consultant

The Chic Vid House, by STD Design Consultant, is located in a bustling area of Ho Chi Minh City, on a plot measuring just 3.9 m (almost 13 ft) in widthTriệu Chiến

STD Design Consultant has made fine use of a very cramped inner-city plot in Vietnam with a tall and skinny residence named the Chic Vid House.The home is located in a bustling area of Ho Chi Minh City, on a site measuring a mere 3.9 m (almost 13 ft) in width, plus a more reasonable 19.6 m (64 ft) in length. The space-saving dwelling features an operable facade to naturally control ventilation and sunlight. Its interior is spread over five stories, with tasteful decor and furniture that’s carefully arranged to flatter the narrow space.Floating Bamboo House – H&P Architects

The Floating Bamboo House, by H&P Architects, is designed for people whose lives are river-based and at threat due to climate changeLe Minh Hoang

H&P Architects has designed a floating house envisioned for river-based populations under threat from climate change, especially those living on and around Vietnam’s Mekong Delta.The Floating Bamboo House is constructed from bamboo stems, as well as weaved bamboo sheets, leaves, corrugated iron, and bamboo screens. This is all joined together using simple latches and ties, and it floats using plastic drums attached to the home’s underside. Its interior measures 36 sq m (roughly 390 sq ft) and features a flexible layout spread over two levels. Though still in the prototype stage, it will eventually include a kitchen area, as well as a bathroom and bedrooms, and have freshwater storage tanks and septic tanks installed.Green House – Hayhurst and Co

Green House is arranged around a large internal courtyard with a first floor balcony areaKilian O’Sullivan

Recently hailed as the Royal Institute of British Architects 2023 House of the Year, Green House, by Hayhurst and Co, is a lush and light-filled family residence in London.It’s fronted by an eye-catching facade made up of sliding polycarbonate roofing sheets, which allow daylight to permeate within. It was part-built using sustainably sourced timber, while roof-based solar panels help reduce its grid-based electricity use. The home is arranged around a large internal courtyard, with a first floor balcony, and features an atrium designed to promote stack ventilation. The interior’s rooms are quite large but can be easily subdivided using curtains if required, ensuring flexibility if the family’s needs change in the future.Wolf Ranch – BIG, Icon, Lennar

Wolf Ranch was created by BIG, Icon, and Lennar. Its first residents began arriving in September, 2023Lennar/Icon

Though 3D-printed architecture is still relatively niche, this ambitious development of a hundred 3D-printed homes named Wolf Ranch looks set to become a major step forward in it going mainstream in the United States. Located near Austin, Texas, the project’s first model home was recently revealed and residents started moving in a few months ago.The 100 3D-printed houses range from 1,500 – 2,100 sq ft (roughly 140 – 195 sq m), all on one floor and their overall design is inspired by traditional Texas ranches. They come in eight different floorplans and offer either three or four bedrooms and two or three bathrooms.Helvetia – Austin Maynard Architects

Helvetia, by Austin Maynard Architects, has been transformed from a drab and rather dark home into a light-filled residence that features multiple gardensDerek Swalwell

Austin Maynard Architects recently breathed new life into a dilapidated terrace house in Melbourne, Australia, increasing natural light inside and adding a generous atrium and multiple garden spaces.Helvetia started out as a family home in the late 19th century before being turned into two dwellings in the 1960s. It was then reconfigured yet again in the 1980s into separate apartments that were dark and uninspired. Rather than knock this awkward collection of buildings down and start afresh, the studio kept what it could and worked around the structural issues. The main entrance has been moved, a light-filled extension added, and a host of greenery and green tech, such as solar panels, installed along the way.Woven – Giles Miller Studio

Plastic fantastic: Woven’s exterior doesn’t look all that lush at the moment but its intricate trellis-like plastic screen will become increasingly covered with greenery over timeRachel Ferriman

UK-based Giles Miller Studio’s first residential project is named Woven. The remarkable home is wrapped in an intricate screen made up of a recycled thermoplastic polymer.Woven is located in Kent, England, near the beach, and serves as a family retreat. Its trellis-like screen is quite complex and draws inspiration from the twisted patterns of rattan weave, wrapping almost the entire home, helping to shade its ample glazing. It also has several plants on it that will continue to cover it in greenery over time. Structurally, Woven consists of steel and cross-laminated timber, as well as some concrete in the foundations. Its interior is very nicely done and the understated color palette puts the focus on the natural beauty of the unfinished wood.Transmitter Bunker – Corstorphine & Wright

The Transmitter Bunker, by Corstorphine & Wright, involved transforming a WWII-era bunker into a unique vacation home that’s currently available to rentWill Scott

A WWII-era concrete bunker once used to protect Britain against the Luftwaffe has been transformed into a vacation home in southern England. Corstorphine & Wright, with engineers Symmetrys, retained the character of the bunker, while adding a comfortable interior.The Transmitter Bunker was commissioned in early 1941 and was part of the UK’s Chain Home radar system, serving a crucial role during the Battle of Britain. Other than the large new glazed section, which is meant to bring to mind bomb damage, the exterior of the shelter looks largely left alone. Its interior measures 60 sq m (645 sq ft), and is arranged around a spacious living room that puts the focus on the view.Casa Annunziata – Specht Architects

Casa Annunziata, by Specht Architects, came about when the owners of an ornate 18th century mansion decided to downsize their home to something more modernDror Baldinger

A glass house is always going to be a love-it-or-hate-it kind of deal, but the Mansfield, Massachusetts-based Casa Annunziata, by Specht Architects, is more practical than most.It came about when the owners of an 18th Century mansion decided to downsize and wanted something suitable for themselves and their art collection. The home is arranged simply on one floor and is wrapped in extensive glazing, with an overhanging roof to offer shade and reduce heating and cooling requirements. Almost the entire home is on show, including the bedrooms and even areas of the bathrooms, while the interior decor is very minimalist and open.House Dokka – Snøhetta

House Dokka is perched on massive wooden columns anchored firmly into the rockSnøhetta

Snøhetta has collaborated with engineer Tor Helge Dokka for an impressively energy efficient residential project located in Norway. Named House Dokka, the three-bedroom family house runs off-the-grid with a solar panel array, allowing it to produce more energy than it requires over the span of a few years – which is no mean feat in such a northern country.The home is very well insulated and was constructed using locally produced cross-laminated timber and glued-laminated timber. Interestingly, not a single nail was used during construction, making any eventual recycling much easier than a standard build.Hundred Acre Wood – Denizen Works

Hundred Acre Wood was designed by Denizen Works and is located in rural ScotlandGilbert McCarragher

Hundred Acre Wood was designed by Denizen Works. The project took eight years to realize and is located in Scotland, in a beautiful rural area overlooking Loch Awe.The exterior of the house is finished in recycled TV screens. This actually began as a joke referencing the owner’s dislike of television and matured into a real plan consisting of recycled TV screens crushed into an aggregate, resulting in an attractive silvery look. Its overall form also riffs on historic Scottish architecture as well as the sculptural works of Spanish artist Eduardo Chillida, while the interior is arranged around a very spacious central hall designed to accommodate a large Christmas tree.

Luyten 3D Printed Home in Australia is a Southern Hemisphere First

The 3D printing construction sector continues to make waves around the world, with recent projects cropping up in the news from Denmark, Japan, and the Caribbean, among others. This time, news of 3D printed concrete constructions comes to us from the land down under, where 3D printing company Luyten has announced plans to develop a 3D printed home in Melbourne, Australia in cooperation with the University of New South Wales (UNSW). One notable aspect of this upcoming project is that this new, additive manufactured house will be the first owner-occupied 3D printed home in the southern hemisphere.The cooperative effort brings together the construction and 3D printing apparatus of Luyten’s line of Platypus 3D construction printers, which utilizes artificial intelligence to manufacture large-scale construction 3D printing with specialized concrete. Meanwhile, the research group from UNSW known as Arch_Manu (Next-Gen Architectural Manufacturing) provides design expertise for the construction while also compiling the data from the project to help create new standards for 3D printed construction projects in Australia.Example of a Luyten Platypus 3D printer working on a concrete houseUNSW Arch_Manu director, Professor M. Hank Haeusler hailed the partnership, stating, “This will be a lighthouse project for 3D printing in Australia, encompassing state-of-the-art research in design and technology and bringing research findings into practice. It will change Australian housing.”Ahmed Mahil, CEO and co-founder of Luyten also commented on the project, explaining, “Our partnership with UNSW will involve working together to document and provide a tangible proof of concept for the advantages of 3D printing, such as superior design and project management. […] The project will provide the world with a leading example of why 3D printing technology is providing the next frontier in sustainable and affordable housing.”Indeed, just as is the case with other 3D printed construction projects, there is a great deal to be saved in terms of construction costs, build time, amount of resources used and greenhouse gas emissions in comparison to standard construction methods. One notable area of savings is eliminating the need to use concrete formworks.The 3D printed home, which is planned for construction in Melbourne in early 2024, is meant to demonstrate the advanced technologies and benefits which come from this new method of construction manufacturing. “The design not only demonstrates the versatility and flexibility of 3D printing capability; it also captures the stunning architectural advantages of computational design and architectural manufacturing technology and the ability to create extraordinary spaces for a fraction of the cost,” explains Mr. Mahil. For more information about this upcoming project, and to learn more about Luyten projects in Australia, the U.S. and beyond, visit their website HERE.[embedded content]What do you think about this new 3D construction project in Australia? Let us know in a comment below or on our LinkedIn, Facebook, and Twitter pages! Don’t forget to sign up for our free weekly Newsletter here, the latest 3D printing news straight to your inbox! You can also find all our videos on our YouTube channel.*All photo credits: Luyten

9 Examples of 3D-Printed Houses

It’s a rare occasion when something debunks the “too good to be true” principle, such as 3D printing an entire house in less than 24 hours. And yet, here we are.What Are 3D-Printed Houses?Three-dimensional-printed houses are structures that are built layer by layer using an industrial-grade, 3D-printing technology. This method of additive manufacturing is also known as construction 3D printing.As tenants move into 3D-printed houses in the first years of their commercial listing debut, 3D printing is on a 23 percent compound annual growth rate over the decade to come, according to Grand View Research. These dwellings — often sharing a gray, shapely appearance with a ribbed texture — are even piquing the interest of NASA, which funded a $57 million project to develop tech for moonside 3D-printed infrastructure.Highly customizable and free of form, construction 3D printing is a new-age tech on the verge of market disruption, holding the potential to mass produce housing.What Are 3D-Printed Houses?Three-dimensional-printed houses are life-size dwellings that use 3D printing as its primary means of construction. With minimal human oversight, these highly customizable structures can be built on-site or off-site within a matter of hours at a fraction of the cost.Typically, 3D-printed houses feature free-form, curvilinear shapes made out of a cement mix. Projects span from inhabitable beta prototypes under study to move-in-ready affordable housing and even high-end luxury homes.Aside from time and money, several other reasons explain additive manufacturing’s disruption to the construction market. Many see this type of low-waste, computerized homebuilding delivered from an industrial-scale printer as a way to shelter unhoused communities and a gateway to sustainable, biodegradable housing solutions.How Are 3D-Printed Houses Built?Industrial-sized 3D printers build entire multi-unit housing developments one tiny layer at a time. This repetitive process puts the “additive” in “additive manufacturing.”Following a digital blueprint, a 3D printer will dispense a paste-like mixture. This will consist of choice ingredients — often a cement blend — but can range from sand and special polymers to bio-resins, like soil, clay or wood flour, which is a fine sawdust mixed with a corn-based binder.How Long Does It Take To 3D Print a House?Nowadays, industrial-sized 3D printers have made it possible to print an entire house in less than 24 hours.Keep in mind that a project’s “printing time” may exclude time for any second-fix installations or construction time necessary to piece together a project printed on-site and transported to its final location.And if you’re trying to build something of scale, like a house, the 3D printer itself has to outsize it. Made out of a steel, quad-truss framework — the kind you’d see as part of a concert stage — these industrial-grade 3D printers form a sort of hollow cube. On top, a robotic arm zips along a track, following pre-programmed instructions being read from the blueprint.Much like your desk-side inkjet printer, the mixture is then heated during a thermal extraction process. The paste squeezes through a nozzle, bringing the digital rendering into physical form. Before the next layer is applied, the mixture is solidified by a concrete dryer. This process repeats until all uploaded building elements are complete.It’s important to note that additive construction work sites are not entirely autonomous. Aside from the setup and breakdown of the equipment, human oversight is necessary to ensure there are no technical hiccups. Specialists must be on-site to cut holes for second-fix installments, such as plumbing, electrical wiring, doors and windows.How Much Does a 3D-Printed House Cost?Of course, this number will vary from project to project, and face further price contingencies based on the hired companies and materials used (let alone geographic location, size, amenities, design complexity, and so on). With that being said, developers stateside and abroad report average cost savings of 30 percent.Three-dimensional-printed houses first hit the U.S. market at the start of 2021. The 1,407-square-foot house — complete with three bedrooms, two baths and a two-car garage in Riverhead, New York — listed as “the world’s first 3D-printed home for sale” for $299,999 on Zillow.com.ICON, a 3D-printing construction company, said it could produce a 600 to 800-square-foot, economy-sized building for as low as $4,000 in 24 hours, as reported by Business Insider.Models on the more affluent side of the market can surpass $1 million. Known as House Zero, the mid-century, ranch-style luxury home is a 2,000-square-foot property with a 350-square-foot accessory dwelling unit. Just based on size and location, Zillow estimated the price of this four bedroom, three-and-a-half bath estate at $723,000 to $908,000, according to online specialty magazine All3DP. However, its one-of-a-kind, exceptional design may push it into the seven-digit price range.When Will 3D-Printed Houses Become Available?Examples of 3D-Printed Houses[embedded content]An error occurred.Unable to execute JavaScript. Try watching this video on www.youtube.com, or enable JavaScript if it is disabled in your browser.BioHome3D is a 3D-printed house constructed out of 100 percent bio-based materials. | Video: 3DPrint.comBioHome3DThe University of Maine Advanced Structures and Composites Center is 3D-printing housing structures exclusively from bio-resins and wood fibers to combat labor shortages and widen access to affordable housing. The demo project, known as BioHome3D, begins with a 600-square-foot prototype that features a fully 3D-printed floor and roof. As a whole, the one-bedroom, one-bathroom building is 100-percent recyclable, made up entirely of biodegradable materials, including wood flour. As a prototype, BioHome3D is equipped with monitoring sensors, measuring thermal, environmental and structural elements, to gather resilience-based data to better inform future designs.[embedded content]An error occurred.Unable to execute JavaScript. Try watching this video on www.youtube.com, or enable JavaScript if it is disabled in your browser.All East 17th Street Residences feature minimal architectural aesthetics. | Video: FindYourDENEast 17th Street ResidencesThese four Austin, Texas properties by construction 3D-printing company ICON feature open-floor plans, minimal architectural aesthetics and private yards. Varying in size, these residences feature two to four bedrooms and range from 1,000 to 2,000-square-foot homes. Each ground floor level is built with a proprietary cement-based material, dubbed “Lavacrete,” to last longer than traditional construction materials, according to the company’s website. The second story incorporates old-school methods, and is constructed out of black metal cladding and rich-colored timber. They share a color palette of green, white and terracotta and have all been sold.[embedded content]An error occurred.Unable to execute JavaScript. Try watching this video on www.youtube.com, or enable JavaScript if it is disabled in your browser.Mikkel Brich, CEO and founder of 3DCP, talks about the future of 3D-printed construction. | Video: COBODHouse 1.0With the help of 3D-printing construction manufacturer COBOD, Danish startup 3DCP Group constructed Europe’s first 3D-printed tiny house last year in just five weeks; however, the structure itself printed in just 22 hours. Located in Hostelbro, Denmark, this 398-square-foot structure is composed of three sections that merge at an open, triangular-shaped core. Inspired by the no-frills aspect of student living, the space is economically laid out and contains all the necessary amenities — a bathroom, open-plan kitchen, living room and loft-style bedroom on a raised level. Sebastian Aristotelis, architect at Saga Space Architects who designed House 1.0, said that the project was built at the lowest possible cost, with developers opting for inexpensive materials, like concrete, and constructing the project using a low-to-no waste approach.More on 3D Printing 25 3D-Printing Companies to Know[embedded content]An error occurred.Unable to execute JavaScript. Try watching this video on www.youtube.com, or enable JavaScript if it is disabled in your browser.Watch 3D-printing construction company ICON build House Zero, a luxury 3D-printed house. | Video: ICONHouse ZeroICON teamed with architectural firm Lake|Flato to build a three-bedroom, two-and-a-half bath residence just outside of downtown Austin, Texas. Its curved walls and rounded corners are insulated with Lavacrete and reinforced with steel. Paired with a one-bedroom, one-bath accessory dwelling unit, ICON’s website styles the 2,350-square-foot property — which printed in under two weeks — as a “mid-century modernist ranch house aesthetics.” Given its design to consume net-zero energy, Time named House Zero to its Best Inventions of 2022 list. In the months since, ICON has broken ground on a 100-home project, projected to be the largest 3D-printed residential community in the United States.[embedded content]An error occurred.Unable to execute JavaScript. Try watching this video on www.youtube.com, or enable JavaScript if it is disabled in your browser.Kamp C was built in one piece. | Video: Kamp CKamp CIn just three weeks, Belgian company Kamp C 3D printed its namesake demo house in one piece, at the property location. Developers claim that the building holds a compressive strength three times greater than conventional brick, which is largely credited to a special printer supplied by COBOD, a 3D-printing construction company. Smooth surfaces and thick layers fortify the trial model. Unlike other projects at the time — and even now — this house features two stories and was constructed in one piece. It’s just under 27 feet tall, about the size of a residential telephone pole, and spans 967 square feet. Its sustainable design uses low-energy floor and ceiling heating, sourced from solar panels and a heat pump.[embedded content]An error occurred.Unable to execute JavaScript. Try watching this video on www.youtube.com, or enable JavaScript if it is disabled in your browser.Mense-Korte is the first 3D-printed house to pass the building regulations of a national government. | Video: The B1MMense-KorteMense-Korte’s 3D-printed house, located in Beckum, Germany, is the first in the world to become fully certified by a national government’s building regulation. This modernist, three-bedroom, three-bathroom home measures 1,722 square feet of living space, complete with a sophisticated interior and smart-home technology. Fortified by multi-shell walls casted with in-situ concrete, the curvy structure took nearly eight months to build, including 100 hours of active printing time. Amenities like a fireplace, bathtubs and a balcony are integral to the design, with spaces specifically molded for second-fix installations.More on 3D Printing Utility  5 3D Printing Applications in Construction[embedded content]An error occurred.Unable to execute JavaScript. Try watching this video on www.youtube.com, or enable JavaScript if it is disabled in your browser.The Quatro residences are built to consume as much energy as they generate. | Video: Mighty BuildingsMighty House QuatroNestled away in a gated, hilltop community in southern California, Ehrlich Yanai Rhee Chaney Architects have built a 20-home, net-zero development that aims to consume as much energy as it generates. Constructed in around four months, each home includes two bedrooms and two bathrooms across a 1,171-square-foot space built on top of a hot spring aquifer. Fitted in a modern, minimal aesthetic, these properties include a swimming pool, hot tub, fire pit and floor-to-ceiling windows. The project collaborator, construction company Mighty Buildings, models its manufacturing process after the automotive industry. Operating highly scalable micro-factories, its 3D-printing methods perform at twice the speed of traditional construction, and, as an additive manufacturer, its projects generate 99 percent less waste, according to the company’s website. Mighty Buildings has also developed a proprietary light stone material that cures into a stone-like composite with four times the tensile and flexural strength of concrete materials currently in common practice of architectural 3D printing.[embedded content]An error occurred.Unable to execute JavaScript. Try watching this video on www.youtube.com, or enable JavaScript if it is disabled in your browser.Project Milestone was printed in five days and 24 separate parts. | Video: Real Estate & Interior Design Project MilestoneProject Milestone — which consists of five 3D-printed concrete dwellings — was the world’s first commercial housing project in its medium, with full intent to legally house residents. The first of these 1,011-square-foot dwellings was printed in 120 hours on-site as 24 separate parts. Matching their backdrop of Eindhoven, a techy city in the Netherlands known for its cutting-edge design, Project Milestone houses resemble elongated boulders with smooth, rounded edges. With extra-thick insulation and a connection to the heat grid, these structures score high marks in energy efficiency, according to online media platform 3D Natives. Its first tenants, Dutch couple Elize Lutz and Harrie Dekkers, received their key on April 30, 2021.[embedded content]An error occurred.Unable to execute JavaScript. Try watching this video on www.youtube.com, or enable JavaScript if it is disabled in your browser.Sourced from local clay, Tecla serves as a proof of concept for sustainable architecture. | Video: WASP TeamTeclaIn development with 3D-printing firm WASP, Italy-based studio Mario Cucinella Architects set out to create bioclimatic, low-carbon proof-of-concept housing in response to escalating climate emergencies and housing crises worldwide. Standing out from the crowd, Tecla’s tan, double-dome structure is constructed out of 350 layers of locally sourced clay from a nearby riverbed. A portmanteau of “technology” and “clay,” Tecla is a 538-square-foot structure that stands at about 15 feet tall and features two skylights. The eco-habitat is made entirely out of organic, bio-materials. Of the 200 hours it took to fully construct the project, the active printing time lasted 72 hours.How much does a 3D-printed house cost?3D-printed houses cost about $10,000 to $400,000 on average, but pricing can vary based on the house’s location, size, amenities and materials used.How long does it take to 3D print a house?To 3D print a house, it may take about 24 hours to three weeks, excluding time for second-fix installations or material transportation if pieces are not printed at the final house location.Where can I buy a 3D-printed house?Some real estate marketplaces like Zillow, or some homeownership assistance programs like Habitat for Humanity, can sell 3D-printed houses.